Heating and Cooling (H&C) accounts for around half of the EU energy use. In its Energy Union Communication, the European Commission announced it will propose a strategy to facilitate investments in H&C. The strategy will analyse the H&C sector and provide recommendations to Member States. It will most importantly feed the upcoming revisions of the energy performance of buildings directive (EPBD), energy efficiency directive (EED) and renewable energy directive (RES-D). It will mainly focus on the opportunities in the building and industry & services sectors.
The role of biomass
Biomass has the potential to deliver significant and cost-effective solutions to a growing heat demand. Innovative technologies are today mature and ready to deliver for heating buildings and industrial process heat. Biomass heating can be achieved with a wide variety of technologies (stoves, boilers, district heating, cogeneration) and fuels (wood pellets, woodchips, briquettes, wood logs).
AEBIOM has provided written inputs to the public consultation organized in summer 2015.
AEBIOM supports the focus on decarbonisation and is asking for alignment with energy efficiency and renewable energy as no-regret options as recognised in the EU 2050 energy roadmap. It also calls for an improvement of data, data collection and the parameters on the modelling used for projections on heating and cooling. Barriers to biomass’ increased use in buildings and industry are not technical, but political and economic, linked to the lack of awareness of consumers, lack of level playing field for renewable energy sources and the lack of internalisation of the environmental costs of fossil fuels in markets. Strong political signal and support of renewable energy sources is essential.