Sustainability of solid and gaseous biomass used for heating & cooling and electricity production is currently not subject to an EU legislative framework but only to recommendations (2010) and report (2014). In its Communications on EU 2030 climate and energy framework and on EU Energy Union, the Commission has indicated its willingness to set a new EU policy for biomass sustainability.
The role of biomass
Solid and gaseous biomass represents 89% of renewable energy consumption in heat and about 18% of renewable energy in electricity. This share is expected to remain / slightly increase in 2020 according to Member States projections.
AEBIOM has been advocating for several years for establishing a harmonised EU sustainability policy for solid biomass for heating & cooling and electricity production. In a context where bioenergy is a key technology in the EU renewables portfolio, harmonised sustainability rules will ensure that these expected increases continue to take place within a sustainable framework. It would also provide a stable investment climate for energy producers and biomass suppliers. Over the last years, the absence of such harmonisation has led to varying national sustainability rules which can make trade difficult. A harmonised EU sustainability policy would also provide evidence to the society that biomass is sustainable. AEBIOM supports a coherent approach with already set biofuels EU sustainability criteria as well as a balanced and non-bureaucratic proposal which will allow mobilising and delivering to the market sufficient volumes of sustainable biomass to achieve EU energy and climate policies objectives.
Early 2016, the European Commission launched a public consultation on “a sustainable bioenergy policy for the period after 2020”. AEBIOM welcomes this initiative of the European Commission, as for years now, the European Biomass Association has been calling for the introduction of a European common sustainability framework for all bioenergy.
In order to bring its contribution to the debate, AEBIOM, along with its members, has also developed a comprehensive position, identifying key aspects that could lay a solid and positive groundwork for the future EU sustainable bioenergy policy.
EU studies – « Carbon impacts of biomass consumed in Europe »